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Madiran land

Location

Located 60km north of the Pyrenees and 100km east of the Atlantic Ocean, Madiran is a 1400 hectare appellation covering 37 villages in the Gers, Pyrénées Atlantiques and Hautes Pyrénées departments.

Villages of the 3 departments:

Gers : 

Cannet, Maumusson-Laguian, Viella.

Pyrénées-Atlantiques : 

Arricau-Bordes, Arrosès, Aubous, Aurions-Idernes, Aydie, Bétracq, Burosse-Mendousse, Cadillon, Castetpugon, Castillon, Conchez-de Béarn, Corbère-Abères, Crouseilles, Diusse, Escurès, Gayon, Lasserre, Lembeye, Mascaraàs-Haron, Mont-Disse, Moncla, Monpezat, Moncaup, Portet, Saint-Jean-Poudge, Séméacq-Blachon, Tadousse-Ussau, Vialer.

Hautes-Pyrénées : 

Castelnau-Rivière-Basse, Hagedet, Lascazères, Madiran, Saint-Lanne, Soublecause. 

 

crédits :  carte groupe Sud-Ouest

Climate

 

Generally the region benefits from an ocean climate.
There are however specific microclimates that can be explained by the influence of 3 factors:
 
The proximity of the Atlantic Ocean
 
The proximity of the Pyrenees Mountains
 
The proximity of the Gascony region with its more continental climate.

 

These natural elements create a certain climatic complexity. Winters are generally mild. Rainfall is concentrated in the spring and summer. Annual rainfall is rather high (900 to 1000 mm/year), essential for the Tannat’s growth cycle. Autumns are warm and dry, often characterised by wide temperature variations and by the Foehn effect (hot southerly wind) which encourages optimal maturing of the vines.

 

 

 

 

Soils

 

The appellation is today organised into four principal ridge lines running north to south, with altitudes varying from 180 to 300 metres.

    - Moncaup-Cannet      

    - Viella-Crouseilles

    - Maumusson              

    - Portet-Lembeye

  

The Pyrenean foothills have a wide variety of soil types. This is why land types in Madiran are so diversified.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clay-limestone on the steep slopes. 

These are stony, well-drained soils, 

among the best in the appellation, 

which produce well-structured wines 

with good aging potential.

Clays on the intermediate flats:

these are light, permeable soils

that heat up quickly,

giving supple, easy-to-drink wines.

 Depending on the area, 

these clays can be beige, red,

gravel or alios-based, etc.

Smooth pebbles on the dominant hilltops. 

Generally well-exposed, 

these well-drained soils

retain heat and yield silky wines.

 

crédits :  carte David CHAUVAUD

 

Conception, Réalisation Winao

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